Obesity, Insulin Resistance and Diabetes
Pre-Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes serious health issues of this century. The number of cases of Diabetes in its different variations is almost triple what it was 50 years ago, with millions people now affected throughout the world.India has over 70 million and by the year 2035 we will be having over 90 million Diabetics. The figure is set to rise dramatically as obesity – a root cause of Diabetes – has reached epidemic proportions , even in urban India . Research suggests that 80% of Diabetes sufferers will eventually die of a heart attack or stroke called as Cardiovascular Complications of Diabetes.
Shocking increase in Diabetes cases and other chronic diseases stemming from the spread of obesity could reverse a long upward trend and lead to a fall in overall life expectancy. Diabetes is basically a disorder in which the body either fails to produce enough insulin or does not use insulin properly to convert sugar, or glucose, in the blood stream into energy. Pre-Diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal but are not in the range of Type 2 Diabetes. Gestational Diabetes is a glucose disorder that occurs to a pregnant women.
Genetics can play a part in the development of various forms of Diabetes and people with a family history of the condition are at greater risk of developing the disorder. Individuals who suffer from Insulin Resistance, tend to develop Diabetes with weight gain and obesity . Both Insulin Resistance and Pre-Diabetes are reversible but, if left unchecked, can lead to Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes used to mainly affect older people. But as obesity has grown the disease has begun to affect younger population, including obese children. Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented from taking hold, however, by reversing the symptoms of obesity-related Insulin Resistance and Pre-Diabetes through weight loss via a balanced, nutritious diet and regular exercise
Biggest contributors are an unhealthy lifestyle comprising little or no exercise and a poor calorie dense diet but without actual nutrition. Insulin receptor sites act as a “key in a lock,” allowing food that has been refined to glucose in the blood stream to pass through the cell membranes and get converted to energy. The number of these receptor sites is vastly reduced by Insulin Resistance, with the result that glucose “bounces off” the cell wall and then freely floats in the blood stream.
Excess of the glucose reaching fat cells is converted into fat and stored via the blood stream throughout the body. This process often leads to obesity, a key factor in the onset of Pre-Diabetes, as well as a leading cause of female infertility called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and the cluster of cardiovascular risk factors known as Metabolic Syndrome (Syndrome X). All Insulin Resistance-related conditions are increased risk factors for heart attacks and stroke.